Gleevec, a leukemia drug, costs $70,000 a year in the US and only $2500 a year in India. Other drugs show similar differences. Why?
Cancer of the prostate is the most common cancer and the second most common cause of death among men in the United States, with 186,000 cases being diagnosed in 2008, and 28,600 deaths resulting. Prostate cancer is most common in men over the age of 50, and by age 80, over 80% of men will develop prostate cancer.
Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is an acquired condition in which the body is unable to control blood sugar properly. It is typically caused by a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors such as a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and obesity. Treatments for type 2 diabetes include exercise and dieting, as well as medications and insulin to improve the control of blood sugar.
Recently, the American health care system has begun to shift to electronic records. Electronic medical records have numerous benefits: they make it easier for providers to share information with each other and patients, coordinate care, and have access to all of a patient's health records.
Dementia, a syndrome characterized by accelerated and abnormal decline of cognitive function, affects over 35 million people worldwide. Most frequently occurring among geriatric populations, dementia afflicts 5% of those aged 65 and older, and 20-40% of those 85 and older, although it can also occur in those younger than 65.
As they age, many men have lower levels of testosterone. Some men have decided to start taking testosterone to ward off some of the common effects of aging, such as increased weight, less energy, and decreased libido.
Coagulation, the process of blood clot formation, is a complex process involving multiple components that work together to stop blood loss when an injury occurs. Any abnormality in the clotting process can lead to dangerous bleeding or excessive clotting, and bleeding disorders affect thousands of people around the world.
According to a recent report in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, many clinical psychologists are ambivalent about the role of science in informing their practice. Many clinicians will value personal experience, intuition, and informal problem solving over research evidence and science, which they may view as not relevant to their individual practice.
Diabetes mellitus, a disease where the body improperly regulates blood sugar, is a growing problem around the world. 285 million people are estimated to have diabetes globally, a number which is expected to double by 2030. Diabetes is a chronic condition managed by the supplementation of insulin, as well as the use of various medications to help control blood sugar levels. The total cost of the condition to the United States alone has been estimated at $245 billion in 2012.
In a recent study, researchers called specialized medical practices, such as psychiatrists and urologists, and pretended to be an obese patient in a wheelchair who was paralyzed on one side of their body. The patient couldn't transfer to a medical table by themselves or bring a family member to do it.